It’s often said that depression results from a chemical imbalance, but it can’t say how complex the disease is. But there are many possibles like faulty mood regulation by the brain, stressful life events, medications, and medical problems which causes depression .
Symptoms of Depression –
A major depressive episode is defined as experiencing five or more of the following symptoms everyday (or most days) for two weeks or more –
1. Depressed or irritable mood
2. Sleep problems (i.e., sleeping too much or too little; sleeping mainly during the day)
4. Excessive guilt or unrealistically low self-image
5. Significantly low energy
6. Significantly worse concentration (i.e., sharp decline in grades or performance)
7. Changes in appetite (i.e., eating too much or too little)
8. Agitation or severe anxiety/panic attacks
Stressful Life Events –
Everyone encounters stressful life events: the death of a loved one, the loss of a job, an illness, or a relationship spiraling downward. But some must cope with the early loss of a parent, violence, or sexual abuse. While not everyone who faces these stresses develops a mood disorder — in fact, most do not .
How Stress Affects The Body –
Stress can be define as an automatic physical response to any stimulus that requires you to adjust to change. But we all know the sensations: your heart pounds, muscles tense, breathing fasten, and sweat appear.
This is known as the stress response. But your heart beats faster — up to five times as quickly as normal — and your blood pressure rises. Your breath quickens as your body takes in extra oxygen. This can contribute to problems such as high blood pressure, immune suppression, asthma, and possibly depression.
Early losses and trauma –
Profound early losses, such as the death of a parent or the withdrawal of a loved one’s affection, may resonate throughout life, eventually expressing themselves as depression.
The women had higher levels of the stress hormones ACTH and cortisol, and their hearts beat faster when they performed stressful tasks, such as working out mathematical equations or speaking in front of an audience.
Many researchers believe that early trauma causes subtle changes in brain function that account for symptoms of depression and anxiety. Changes might include fluctuations in the concentration of neurotransmitters or damage to nerve cells.
Medical problems –
Certain medical problems are linked to lasting, significant mood disturbances.
An excess of thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) can trigger manic symptoms. On the other hand, hypothyroidism, a condition in which your body produces too little thyroid hormone, often leads to exhaustion and depression. Heart disease has also been linked to depression.
The following medical conditions have also been associated with depression and other mood disorders –
1. degenerative neurological conditions, such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, and Huntington’s disease
3. some nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamin B12
4. certain immune system diseases, such as lupus
5. some viruses and other infections, such as mononucleosis, hepatitis, and HIV
7. erectile dysfunction in men
It’s important to remember that not everyone who is depressed is suicidal. You can still seek help even if you haven’t demonstrated any specific suicidal or self-harm behaviors, or even if your symptoms aren’t as severe or persistent as the symptoms noted above.
If you are depressed then ?
Now that you know the symptoms of depression, but some positive skills can be useful.
WARNING: Do not suddenly go off your prescribed antidepressant medications without first talking to your medical provider. Discuss any questions or concerns about the side effects of your medications with your provider.
Practice These Skills Every Day.
1. Meaning: Find small ways to be of service to others.
This actual means here that to find out some means of your happiness which can be your driver of joy . Best way is to help others daily in any way you want .
2. Pleasant Events: Schedule pleasant activities or events.
Plan your holidays and go somewhere every year . Plan 30 minutes time daily for some gaming and sports activities .
3. Engagement: Stay in the present.
We are humans and we repeat what we had lost . But we could not get back that particular thing . Then what is the benefit? But we have to actually pay it with depression . So stay in present .
4. Exercise daily
Make the habit of doing exercise daily for at least 30 minutes . Meet the people and share the views early morning . Make sure , try to talk only positive things . Positive brings the positive environment .
5. Relationships: Focus on people who lift you up.
Always respect that particular person who help you for your life . Talk them , share your views and help each other.
6. Sleep Regularly: Try to keep a regular sleep schedule.
Make sure that you should sleep at least 6 to 8 hours at night . Don’t make unusual activities like daytime sleep and late night awakening. Your body work in a clock wise fashion . Hormonal balance changes with time and age .
Therefore if sleep and awakening is to be done as per the rule , depression will go off itself with time . Therefore try to sleep early before 10 pm at night and wake up early by 4 to 5 am in the morning .
Always remember , life is very precious . Don’t waste it . It is given once and respect it ,if you are going through your depression state , don’t make decision haphazardly. Please try to think over it , discuses reasons with your family, friends or relatives .
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